This blog thread is all about the Four Seasons, the rock group whose lead singer is Frankie Valli, and various people associated with them. In post-revision history, the Four Seasons will be shaped into much more of a rock group.
Aliases: Frankie Valli & the Four Seasons, Frankie Valli, the Wonder Who?
Country: United States
Origin: Newark, New Jersey
Years active: 1960-present
Short description: Italian-American rock band
The Four Seasons are an American rock band. The band members consist of lead singer Frankie Valli (born May 3, 1937 in Newark, NJ), lead and rhythm guitarist and backing vocalist Tommy DeVito (born June 19, 1936 in Newark), keyboardist and backing vocalist Bob Gaudio (born November 17, 1942 in Bronx, NY), bass guitarist and backing vocalist Nick Massi (born September 19, 1935 in Newark), and drummer/percussionist Joe Russo (my invention, born January 17, 1936 in Newark). All five members of the Four Seasons are of Italian descent. The band evolved from the Variety Trio (formed 1951) into the Varietones (1954) into the Four Lovers (1956) until the band’s name was changed to the Four Seasons in January 1960.
While there had been a series of highly successful American bands performing the then new genre known as rock music between 1958 and 1960, the Four Seasons were the first rock band to become internationally and phenomenally popular and successful. The band laid the groundwork through their albums and singles not only for future American rock bands, but also for bands from other countries, most notably the Beatles in England.
The high success of the Four Seasons may be attributed to their distinctive sound, marked by influences of doo-wop as well as being inspired by early rock music, rock and roll, country and western music, the blues, and R&B. Additionally, the Four Seasons Sound was often characterized by harmonies traditional to popular music as well as 7th chords and blue notes commonly used in previous rock music and rock and roll. Frankie Valli’s falsetto, which will be kept by the way, makes the Four Seasons one of the first rock bands (if not the first) to frequently utilize the lead vocal as a falsetto. The band remained true to rock music throughout their vast repertoire of songs on their albums and singles; emphasis on electric guitar and drums making use of backbeat were dominant in every song the band has recorded. The rock band’s use of orchestral and brass band instruments in their songs was extremely rare. From 1975 to 1978, the band recorded several rock songs that also fit the disco genre, much like the Rolling Stones had done during that period.
All five members of the Four Seasons converted to the Baptist faith on May 2, 1965, following the lead of Tommy DeVito’s brother, classical musician Anthony DeVito (my invention, born 1932), who converted in 1962. The Four Seasons received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1966. They were also inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1987, due to the efforts of their longtime producers, Herbie Mandel (my invention, full name Herbert Solomon Mandel, born August 2, 1918 in Brooklyn, NY) and Bob Crewe (full name Robert Stanley Crewe, born November 12, 1930 in Newark). Prior to this, they had been nominated into the institution upon its opening year, 1986, but were not selected the first time, due to the induction of various acts whose careers started in the 1950s (the birth of rock and roll), such as Elvis Presley, Engelbert Humperdinck, and Buddy Holly. The 1987 ceremony was attended by all five band members in addition to Mandel and Crewe and the other surviving inductees.
The Four Seasons Museum in Newark, NJ, a museum dedicated to the Four Seasons and memorabilia associated with them, opened its doors in April 1985 to coincide with the 25th anniversary of the rock band’s recording debut as “The Four Seasons”, as marked on their first hit single and album, both released in April 1960.
Amount of #1 Hits by Year Released:
Cumulative Total: 16 #1 Hit Singles
Frankie Valli is an American singer, best known for being the lead singer of Italian-American rock band the Four Seasons from 1960 to the present day, where he has been known for his falsetto. His vocal range of high tenor enables him to sing falsetto with ease. Valli has a four-octave range. His full name is Francis Stephen Valli.
Frankie Valli was born Francis Stephen Castelluccio on May 3, 1937 in Newark, NJ, the eldest of the three sons of Anthony and Mary Castelluccio. Frankie was friends with future band mates Tommy DeVito, Joe Russo, and Nick Massi since his very early childhood. He was inspired at age 7 by Frank Sinatra, whom his parents took Frankie to see in concert.
Valli began his professional career in early January 1952 as a singer in local venues. His talent landed him with a single cut for Corona Records in 1953 under the name Frankie Valley. Valli was only 16 at the time. He became a member of the Variety Trio in 1954, joining close friends Tommy DeVito, Tommy’s brother Nick, and Hank Majewski. Subsequently, the band changed their name to the Varietones. The band was renamed the Four Lovers in 1956, and that same year they cut their first single for RCA Victor, with Milt Gabler (1911-2001) as the producer. Gabler is well-known for producing the hit song “Rock Around The Clock” for the band Bill Haley and the Comets. Nick DeVito and Hank Majewski left the Four Lovers in 1958, and were replaced by Hugh Garrity and Nick Macioci (known as Massi since 1960). Massi spent five months with the band before leaving temporarily and being replaced by Charlie Calello. Garrity left the Lovers in June 1959, being replaced by former RoyalTeen Bob Gaudio. Calello quit in July 1959, and Nick Massi returned to take his place, bringing drummer Joe Russo with him.
In September 1959, Valli received a letter from record producer Herbie Mandel, who had been in partnership with Bob Crewe for eight months. The message was about an invitation to an audition at Columbia Records offered by the two producers. After Valli accepted, he took his band mates with him the next day to Columbia, where they did very well at the audition. After they got their recording contract, Crewe suggested that Valli start using more of the higher part of his range for falsetto vocals. Lead singers of doo-wop groups often sang falsetto, doo-wop was a popular genre of pop music in September 1959, and Valli had a very high voice. The group’s first single for Columbia, released in October, was in a pop rock genre reminiscent of doo-wop. When that single failed to chart, four major changes were suggested by Mandel and Crewe, and the changes were accepted. Frankie Valley changed his name to Valli (reflecting the last name of female singer “Texas” Jean Valli, who helped Frankie cut his first record in 1953); Nick Macioci shortened his name to Massi; and the Four Lovers became the Four Seasons, derived from a local bowling establishment named “The 4 Seasons”, where they had failed to make an impression shortly after Massi rejoined the band. The other big change was that the Four Seasons make rock their genre, since Elvis Presley and others were already highly successful with it. Gaudio and Crewe added their personal touch to the band’s rock genre, giving it its uniqueness.
The band’s rock genre has become known as the Four Seasons Sound. It incorporated vocal harmonies and elements of doo-wop, with Valli alternating between falsetto and full voice, and the rest of the Seasons singing backing vocals. Joe Russo, the Seasons’ drummer, has almost never sung backing vocals to the Seasons.
The Four Seasons recorded their debut single on March 12, 1960, and it was released on April 1, peaking at #4 on the Billboard Hot 100 in early May. The band’s singles consistently made the Top 40 from 1960 to 1980, thus partially comprising the band’s string of hits. Frankie Valli became a Baptist in May 1965, during a time when the Four Seasons were still one of the hottest rock bands. He began a “solo” career two months later, in which Mandel and Crewe remained the producers; and DeVito, Gaudio, and Massi always sang and/or played their instruments in the background, along with drummer Joe Russo. Frankie Valli lives in his native Newark, but also has a residence in Calabasas, California.
Tommy DeVito is an American singer and musician, best known for being a member of the Four Seasons, a very popular rock band active from 1960 to the present day. Since the band’s debut, DeVito has played lead and rhythm guitar and sang background vocals with his baritone vocal range. Thomas Louis DeVito was born on June 19, 1936 in Newark, the sixth of ten children of George and Mary DeVito, who were first-generation Italian Americans. His father owned a music shop in Newark, and he became interested in music at a very young age, learning to play guitar from the same teacher his older brother Anthony had, at first learning classical guitar pieces, then progressing into country and western songs. Thus, DeVito started his professional career on country and western music. Sometime after this, he moved on to blues, R&B, and rock and roll.
DeVito began his professional career in January 1951 as a member of the Variety Trio, along with his brother Nick and their friend Hank Majewski. This band also played in the background of Frankie Valli, who began his career singing solo from 1952 to 1954, after he was convinced by Tommy DeVito to join his band. No longer a trio, the band changed their name to the Varietones, and in 1956, to the Four Lovers. Nick DeVito and Hank Majewski left the Four Lovers in June 1958 and were replaced by Nick Massi and Hugh Garrity. Massi left temporarily in November, being replaced by Charlie Calello. Garrity left in June 1959 and was replaced by ex-RoyalTeen Bob Gaudio; Calello quit in July 1959 and Massi returned to replace him. Massi was accompanied by drummer Joe Russo.
Two months after the last change, the band was noticed at a Newark venue by record producers Herbie Mandel and Bob Crewe, who were working as partners with Columbia Records. After Mandel contacted Valli, the group went to Columbia, where they passed their audition and signed a recording contract. After the band’s first single for the label failed, several changes were suggested by Mandel and Crewe. The two major ones were that the Four Lovers would become the Four Seasons, and that they would adopt a Gaudio-Crewe influenced rock genre. The band’s following single, released in April 1960, became a Top 5 hit on the Billboard Hot 100. Following this, the popularity of the Four Seasons was unstoppable for at least 20 years, and since the band’s establishment as the Four Seasons, Tommy DeVito has been recognized as the founder of the band.
DeVito and his first wife became Baptists in May 1965, along with three brothers, Majewski, Valli, Gaudio, Massi, and Russo. Anthony DeVito, who became a Baptist three years earlier, talked everyone into it. Tommy’s youngest brother Joey became a Baptist in 1967. Tommy DeVito lives in his native Newark, but also has a home in Los Angeles.
Bob Gaudio is an American singer-songwriter and musician. He is best known for being a member of the Four Seasons, a very popular rock band active from 1960 to the present day. Gaudio has the vocal range of a tenor. In addition to being one of the band’s members, playing keyboard and singing background vocals, he has worked with the band as one of their chief songwriters. Robert John Gaudio was born on November 17, 1942 in the Bronx, and raised in Bergenfield, New Jersey. He started playing piano as a hobby at a very young age. He started pursuing a professional career in popular music in late June 1957, getting together with his peers and playing a combination of pop and rock and roll with them, privately but fairly frequently. They officially formed as the RoyalTeens on August 17, 1957, and began performing in public with that name soon after.
The group became popular locally, and was discovered by an executive for a local record label two months later. The executive promptly invited the RoyalTeens to the record company, where they received a recording contract. Gaudio wrote the group’s biggest hit, “Short Shorts”, in late November 1957, shortly after turning 15. He remained with the RoyalTeens until joining the Four Lovers on June 5, 1959 as the replacement for band member Hugh Garrity, who quit the previous day. The rest of the members of the band were lead singer Frankie Valli (then known as Valley), Tommy DeVito, and Charlie Calello. The Four Lovers, whose genre was R&B mixed with rock and roll and elements of doo-wop and pop, had been releasing singles under several names since that group was formed in 1956. Calello quit on July 6, 1959, being replaced the next day by Nick Massi (then known as Macioci, his surname at birth), who was previously with the band between June and November of 1958. Nick Massi brought drummer Joe Russo with him. On August 6, they failed an audition at a bowling establishment in Union Township, New Jersey, known as “The 4 Seasons”. Though disgruntled at their failure, they continued to chug along with hope through continuing their nightly gigs at a Newark venue.
On the night of September 5, 1959, when the band was performing one of its gigs, record producing partners Herbie Mandel and Bob Crewe observed the concert. The two men had affiliation with Columbia Records, with somewhat modest success with the artists they were then producing for. After the concert, the producers enjoyed it very much and got the names of the band members, and obtained Frankie Valli’s home address from one of his close friends. Mandel sent a letter to Valli the next day offering him an invitation to Columbia Records for an audition. Valli accepted, and brought his band mates with him to the record company on September 8. There, they did very well at their audition and signed a recording contract as a result. The Four Lovers recorded their first single for Columbia on September 11. The single was released October 2, with the band listed with the name “The Village Voices”. It failed to make the Billboard Hot 100, and the band was compelled to make a significant change. On January 16, 1960, the band decided to officially change its name, and all seven men were put to the task. After exploring several possibilities, they arrived at “The 4 Seasons”, the name of the local bowling establishment they had failed to impress. Right after that, Herbie Mandel modified the band name to “The Four Seasons” to make it sound more appealing. Mandel felt the name change was also appropriate in that it made reference to not only the bowling establishment, but also to the famous set of violin concertos by 18th century Italian composer Antonio Vivaldi.
For the band’s debut as the Four Seasons, Gaudio independently wrote a set of two songs within one hour on February 12, 1960. The band recorded the two songs on March 12, and they were released as a single on April 1. The single became a hit, peaking at #4 on the Billboard Hot 100 by early May. From that moment on, the Four Seasons consistently scored with hit singles on a regular basis, but the band’s first #1 hit single did not come until 1962. Gaudio went to work on a new song in July of that year and wrote it within half an hour. After some debate on what to call it, he and the producers agreed with “Sherry”. “Sherry” was released in August, and reached #1 the next month, remaining there for five weeks.
Gaudio was introduced to his future first wife, Ruthie Caruso, by fellow band mate Nick Massi late in December 1963 after Christmas (This event had a big impact on Gaudio’s life (plus, it was about a week before the Beatles’ song “I Want To Hold Your Hand” topped the Billboard Hot 100, kicking off the British Invasion, in which the Beatles surpassed the Four Seasons in popularity), so that in November 1975, with December not far away, he adapted this time setting to a completely different love story for the song “December 1963 (Oh What a Night)”; the single with this song as the A-side was released in December 1975 and topped the charts in early 1976). Gaudio and Caruso were married in early November 1964, though the marriage ended in divorce in 1973, and Bob remarried in 1977. On May 2, 1965, Gaudio and his first wife became Baptists along with the rest of the Seasons and their spouses. The Four Seasons and their friends and family became Baptists due in part to their abhorrence of alcohol, tobacco, and other toxins (This hatred was first instilled upon DeVito as a child by his older brother Anthony; he then passed it on to his friends, including Massi, Russo, and Valli; the hatred was inherited by Gaudio when DeVito passed it on to him shortly before he played in his first gig with the Four Lovers). Bob Gaudio has lived in Newark since January 1960, but also has homes in his native Bergenfield and Santa Monica, California.
Nick Massi is an American singer and musician, best known for being a member of the Four Seasons, a very popular rock band active from 1960 to the present day. His full name is Nicholas Eugene Massi. Since the band’s debut, Massi has played bass guitar and sang background vocals with his bass vocal range. Nick Massi was born Nicholas Eugene Macioci on September 19, 1935 in Newark. He was friends with Hank Majewski, Joe Russo, Nickie and Tommy DeVito, and Frankie Valli from very early childhood.
Nick Massi began performing in local venues in March 1950 alongside various local bands before joining a band with Hugh Garrity in 1953. He and Garrity disbanded that group by leaving in June 1958 and joined the Four Lovers to replace Majewski and Nickie DeVito, who were band members (the other two were Valli and Tommy DeVito). Massi left the Four Lovers temporarily five months later, being replaced by Charlie Calello; but Garrity remained with the band until June 1959, when he was replaced by the former RoyalTeens member Bob Gaudio. Massi’s hiatus from the band ended when he returned to replace Calello, who decided to quit, in July 1959. Massi brought Joe Russo, playing as drummer, with him.
Two months later, the Four Lovers ended up at Columbia Records following an invitation from record producers Herbie Mandel and Bob Crewe, both of whom had observed the band performing a gig at a Newark venue. The band passed their audition at Columbia and signed a recording contract with the label. After their first Columbia single, released in October 1959, flopped, several drastic changes were suggested by Mandel and Crewe. Massi, who had been using his birth name professionally, shortened his surname to its current form. The Four Lovers were renamed the Four Seasons, derived from the local bowling establishment known as the 4 Seasons, where they once failed to make an impression shortly after Massi’s return to the band. Frankie Valley became Valli. The last major change was that the Four Seasons be strictly a rock band. The Four Seasons recorded their first single in March 1960, being released in April and becoming a Top 5 hit by early May. At this moment, the band soared to great fame and fortune, and their Golden Age didn’t end until 1980.
Nick Massi has also become known for arranging music by the Four Seasons with former Four Lovers member Charlie Calello. Massi became a Baptist in May 1965. In the Four Seasons’ early years, his deep bass voice was often given solo lines in the band’s hits, but as time went by and new trends came for the band to adjust to, the lines have become less frequent. Nick Massi lives in his native Newark, but also has a residence in Los Angeles.
Joe Russo is an American musician, best known as being the drummer and percussionist for the Italian-American rock band the Four Seasons from 1960 to the present day. He has the vocal range of a bass-baritone. Although he is not considered one of the Four Seasons, Russo is in fact one of the band members (and is often nicknamed the “Fifth Season”); with the four main members being Frankie Valli, Tommy DeVito, Bob Gaudio, and Nick Massi.
Joseph John Russo was born on January 17, 1936 in Newark, the fourth child of Lawrence John Russo (1903-2009) and Michelle Isabelle Di Stefano Russo (1907-2007). He was a childhood friend of Tommy DeVito and Nick Massi. His youngest sister is Mary Russo, the first wife of Four Seasons lead singer Frankie Valli, another of Russo’s childhood friends.
Russo began performing with various bands in local venues in early September 1950 alongside his friend Nick Massi. Joe Russo was performing between June and November 1958 with Tommy DeVito’s band the Four Lovers during the time Massi was a member. Russo rejoined the band, when Nick Massi permanently became a member of what would later become the Four Seasons, in July 1959.
Joe Russo and his first wife converted to the Baptist religion in May 1965 when Frankie and Mary Valli did, along with DeVito, Gaudio, and Massi. Joe Russo lives in his native Newark, but also has a residence in Los Angeles.
Herbie Mandel is an American record producer and blues singer. He is best known for being the executive producer of the rock band the Four Seasons from 1960 to the present day. Mandel is a devout Reform Jew and has Asperger’s Syndrome, and his height is 6 feet, 8 inches. He is also a patriotic Republican and has supported Republicans such as Arizona Senator Barry Goldwater and Presidents Ronald Reagan and Alan Keyes.
Herbert Solomon Mandel was born on August 2, 1918 in Brooklyn, the tenth of fourteen children born to Russian immigrants. He began his career in June 1936 as the bass singer in a teenage barbershop quartet. On April 25, 1941, he began a solo career with a recording of his first single. It was released May 13 and gave Mandel national exposure and recognition. Herbie Mandel was also responsible in his day for helping to break the racial barrier in the blues music industry. He has continued to record with his very deep bass vocals to this day. He landed himself a job as an assistant record producer working with Columbia Records in 1942, working with a variety of blues and R&B acts. His older brother Art became an executive at Columbia Records during this period. By 1949, Herbie was producing on his own. Between late 1956 and early 1957, during a time when Elvis Presley was hugely popular, he and his brother Art convinced Columbia Records executive Mitch Miller that rock and roll was a force to be reckoned with, and that rock and roll artists be accepted and signed to the label. A little later on, Art Mandel would sign major rock bands to the Columbia label, most notably the Silver Sharks, the Grenades, and the Grasshoppers. While producer Bob Crewe worked with Frank Slay, Herbie Mandel produced solo until January 1959, when Crewe split with Slay and joined in partnership with Mandel.
In September 1959, when Mandel and Crewe signed the band that soon became known as the Four Seasons to a recording contract, it was arranged that Mandel would be their executive producer, and that Crewe would be their co-producer. When not working with the Seasons, Mandel sometimes produced without Crewe’s involvement, and vice-versa. When the band adopted “The Four Seasons” as their official name, they became exclusively a rock band upon Mandel’s suggestion. Thus, the Four Seasons became the first major rock band to get its start in the 1960s.
During the British Invasion (1964-1966), Mandel was responsible for helping develop the Four Seasons into a band with a sound of even harder edged rock and with increasingly more songs incorporating blues elements. Facial hair grew increasingly popular among popular music artists during the late 1960s. Nevertheless, Mandel’s insistence on a clean-shaven look for the band remained unchanged. The Four Seasons were always very fond of their executive producer, so they went against the common grain by accepting his insistence.
Mandel is also largely responsible for keeping the Four Seasons lineup of Frankie Valli, Tommy DeVito, Bob Gaudio, Nick Massi, and Joe Russo unchanged. He did not want to see the Four Seasons, which he called his “dream band”, to have any departures and replacements the way other bands have had, as he explained to the band’s members. In his mind, as it is in mine, replacing any of the members of that band would be like replacing one of the Beatles, or Mick Jagger in the Rolling Stones.
Herbie Mandel lives in his native Brooklyn, but also has residences in Newark, Manhattan, and Los Angeles. He plans to retire alongside Bob Crewe on October 21, 2022. His wife, Bessie Mandel, is much shorter than he is. Bessie’s height is 5 feet, 3 inches.
Bob Crewe is an American musician, record producer, music manager, and songwriter. His full name is Robert Stanley Crewe. He has made himself a legacy for his multi-talented career with the Four Seasons, as their co-producer and manager, and as a key songwriter since 1960. Bob Crewe was born on November 12, 1930 in Newark.
Crewe created his first partnership with pianist Frank Slay in 1953. They went on to write and produce several hit songs of the 1950s. After he ended his partnership with Slay toward the end of the decade, Bob Crewe joined in partnership with Herbie Mandel in January 1959, though he would continue to produce for some artists without Mandel involved.
Crewe and Mandel observed the Four Lovers performing a gig at a Newark venue one night in early September 1959. The lineup consisted of original members Frankie Valley and Tommy DeVito, as well as recent arrivals Bob Gaudio and Nick Macioci, along with drummer Joe Russo, who joined with Macioci. The partners, who were working with Columbia Records at the time, enjoyed the performance so much that they got the band to come to Columbia for an audition. The band passed their audition and signed their recording contract. After a discussion between the band and the producers, it was agreed that Mandel would be the band’s executive producer, and Crewe would be their co-producer and manager.
The band’s first single for Columbia was recorded soon after and released in October 1959. After that single flopped, changes were implemented on the Four Lovers in January 1960. Valley became Valli; Macioci became Massi; and most importantly, the Four Lovers became the Four Seasons. In addition, Mandel suggested that the Four Seasons be strictly a rock band, since they looked like one with their instruments at hand. As a result, Crewe and Gaudio developed a unique rock style for the band, later becoming known as the Four Seasons Sound. After these changes, the Four Seasons recorded their first single on March 12. It was released in April and became a Top 5 hit in early May. Mandel and Crewe have remained the Four Seasons’ producers to the present day, with plans to retire on October 21, 2022.
Bob Crewe shuttles between his homes in Newark and Los Angeles.
Mary Castelluccio (nee Rinaldi)
Married: August 2, 1936 in Newark
Lawrence John “Larry” Russo
Michelle Isabelle “Micki” Russo (nee Di Stefano)
Married: July 21, 1929 in Newark
Francis Stephen “Frankie” Valli (born May 3, 1937) married Mary Josephine Russo (born July 6, 1938 in Newark) on April 29, 1958 in Newark; they divorced January 16, 1971.
Frankie Valli (born May 3, 1937) married Maryann Hannigan (born June 5, 1949) on February 15, 1972 in Newark; they divorced January 10, 1979.
Frankie Valli married Randy Clohessy (born April 23, 1959) on July 7, 1984 in Newark; they divorced April 20, 2005.
Frankie Valli married Sandra Marie “Sandy” Alberti (born January 4, 1962 in Newark) on May 7, 2005 in Newark; the couple had no children together.
Toni Valli (born April 5, 1959) married Francis Salvatore “Frank” Cavaliere Jr. (born March 2, 1958) on December 29, 1974; they divorced March 26, 1989.
Note: Toni Valli married Gerry Polci (born June 1952) on March 25, 1990; they had no children together.
Francine Valli (born April 30, 1960) married Vincent David “Vinny” Cassini (born June 29, 1958) on January 23, 1977.
Nikky Valli (born March 3, 1962) married Joseph Martin “Joe” Martinelli (born May 1, 1960) on November 25, 1979.
Jessie Valli (born April 11, 1973) married Matthew Arnold “Matt” Rosenberg (born May 13, 1971 in Flushing, NY) on March 4, 1990 in Newark.
Danny Valli (born April 1, 1977) married Theresa Margaret O’Brien (born May 4, 1980 in Miami) on May 5, 2002 in Miami.
Married: May 15, 1927 in Newark
Thomas Louis “Tommy” DeVito (born June 19, 1936) married Susan Marie “Susie” Romano (born July 21, 1937 in Newark) on May 13, 1956 in Newark; they divorced June 30, 1970.
Tommy DeVito (born June 19, 1936) married Angelina Nancy “Angie” Antonelli (born October 18, 1931) on April 18, 1971 in Newark.
Melissa DeVito (born March 16, 1957) married Salvatore Angelo “Sal” Giordano (born February 15, 1956) on January 9, 1972.
Mike DeVito (born April 6, 1958) married Pamela Jane “Pam” Cabrini (born February 6, 1960) on November 30, 1975.
Vicky DeVito (born February 13, 1960) married Joseph Robert “Joe” Rienzi (born May 12, 1958) on October 17, 1976.
Tommy DeVito Jr. (born April 25, 1972) married Lisa Genevieve Dunn (born March 7, 1974 in Boston) on November 5, 1995 in Boston.
Robert John “Bob” Gaudio (born November 17, 1942) married Ruth Anne “Ruthie” Caruso (born February 21, 1944 in Belleville, NJ) on November 8, 1964 in Newark, NJ; they divorced August 22, 1973.
Bob Gaudio (born November 17, 1942) married Judith “Judy” Parker (born September 27, 1939) on August 28, 1977 in Newark.
Mike Gaudio (born November 24, 1965) married Pamela Rose “Pam” Vitello (born September 26, 1967) on June 29, 1986.
Danielle Gaudio (born November 24, 1965) married Michael John “Mike” Lazzarino (born October 21, 1964) on August 21, 1983.
Lisa Gaudio (born December 23, 1966) married Vincent Anthony “Vinny” Barbella (born February 20, 1965) on September 21, 1986.
Jen Gaudio (born January 26, 1979) married Adam Philip Smith (born January 28, 1974 in Atlanta) on January 23, 2000 in Atlanta.
Nicholas Eugene “Nick” Massi (born September 19, 1935) married Mary Frances Genovese (born October 20, 1936 in Newark) on August 8, 1954 in Newark; they divorced September 22, 1972.
Nick Massi (born September 19, 1935) married Margaret Ann “Margie” Mengel (born January 8, 1931) on October 20, 1972 in Newark.
Robert Massi (born May 11, 1955) married Nancy Catherine Bartolucci (born June 11, 1956) on February 7, 1971.
Patty Massi (born May 11, 1955) married Anthony Francis “Tony” Marini (born April 13, 1954 in Newark) on March 2, 1969.
Nick Massi Jr. (born May 28, 1956) married Therese Ethel Stradella (born April 28, 1958) on January 20, 1974; they divorced March 15, 1992.
Nick Massi Jr. married Maryellen (maiden name unknown) (born December 14, 1957) on September 20, 1992.
Lawrence John “Larry” Russo
Michelle Isabelle “Micki” Russo (nee Di Stefano)
Married: July 21, 1929 in Newark
Joseph John “Joe” Russo (born January 17, 1936) married Pamela Anne “Pam” Ventura (born March 20, 1937 in Newark) on September 2, 1956 in Newark; they divorced September 26, 1974.
Joe Russo (born January 17, 1936) married Nancy Jean Amoroso (born April 11, 1946 in Newark) on November 3, 1974 in Newark.
Patty Russo (born August 9, 1957) married Peter Paul “Pete” Morabito (born June 26, 1956) on August 20, 1972.
Joe Russo Jr. (born September 1, 1958) married Therese Jean Vitale (born October 5, 1961) on February 13, 1977.
Members: Frankie Valli, Tommy DeVito, Bob Gaudio, Nick Massi, Joe Russo, Bob Crewe, Herbie Mandel.
And now, as promised, here is an abridged list of modern rock bands that made it big in the U.S. before the British Invasion.